Whatman watermarks the watermark is best known of all authentication criteria of the major audubon editions, it applies only to havells the paper used for the havell edition was of two types, j whatman and j whatman turkey mill both types of paper had a watermark that can usually be seen when the print is. Most items were printed on half or quarter sheets of paper, so it is rarely possible to link watermark and countermark many watermarks are only fragmentary paper watermarked: mp 1814 the noted kent papermaker j whatman supplied paper for the plates of williams, thomas hewitt outlines, the. Februa in a shell, pouring water from a small jug onto an urn with a surrounding garland, pulled by pisces, represented by two fish, a cherub flying above scattering seeds before them after edward francis burney, from a series of the months 1807, the paper watermarked 1809 stipple and etching. Whatman watercolor papers are mouldmade, 100% cotton, internally sized with aquapel, acid free and neutral ph, two natural deckle edges, with a whatman watermark and the mill monogram the rattle is moderately loud and rubbery the paper burns completely, with absolutely no ash — available in white sheets. First is the size of the print and in some cases the watermark havell edition - important factors - (for other editions see below) 1 must have a whatman watermark (see example above), 2 size - birds must be life size 3 paper should be around 26x39 unless trimmed 4 text - all havell edition prints and. Watermark 3 - the style of the lettering and position of the forged whatman marks watermark 6 - the full stop after whatman was not done at two lion watermarks from the spicer's currency note sample book (quarterly 18 page 11 watermark in paper used for postage stamps in canada first issued in 1868 ( royal. Vintage whatman watercolour paper photo showing the watermark & texture of the paper found on page: %20papers%201900%20to%201980%20antiquehtml.
Howlett colophon an “1803” copy of the costumes of the russian empire has watermarks from 1796 (w elgar), 1809 (edmeads & co), 1811, 1813 (j whatman), 1818, and 1829 that's six different watermarks spanning 33 years while it was not unusual for printers to use different lots of paper for a single. Right watermarked j whatman turkey mill1824 these papers were made in the turkey mill then owned by the hollingsworth family right: from a page of hogarth prints- loose sheets that nearly match from a book of the time-the election this wove texture paper is watermarked j whatman 1824 made at the. Whatman made laid texture paper with watermark 1690 hand made a winged woman and chariot and a britiannia device/watermark (not shown) this paper was made for grosvenor charter, paper merchants in london 1690 is their founding date this paper was made in the 1940-1950's.
We have a stock of a few thousand sheets of antique & vintage blank paper from the 15th to the early 20th century, mostly with watermarks whatman, james album with heavy wove paper some watermarks: whatman turkey mill 1834 contains57 blank sheets oblong maroon leather binding with guilt stamping. 1 above shows that j whatman made this hand-made paper in 1921 once the impression of the watermark and the countermark is made in the paper, it is often very difficult to make out both the watermarks and the countermarks fig 2 illustrates this below countermark provides additional information to watermarks which. But in the mid-18th c the elder whatman devised a mould which had a woven brass wire-cloth cover giving it the potential of producing a sheet unblemished by the furrows formerly found in laid paper this was wove paper (or papier vélin in continental terminology) a perfect sheet of this kind would have many advantages.
Whatman watermarks whatman paper is considered to be one of the finest english handmade papers of the 18th century the elder james whatman began to produce good quality white paper at his turkey mill in kent around 1740 until this time england was largely dependent on the importation of paper from. This watermark below obviously says 'jwhatman', the signature of james whatman i & ii, turkey mill in maidstone, kent, england the whatman paper was known as one of the finest english papers of the 1700s and by the mid- century it was one of the largest paper suppliers in europe however this.
Diese webseite beschäftigt sich mit papier, papierexpertise und papiergeschichte. Printmaking paper watermark drawing white paper from the best taobao agent yoycart com learning to read old paper the collation giv g professional printmaking paper specially crafted printing paper meters watermark print cotton paper volume a history of j whatman balston handmade paper st cuthberts mill. Of the same watermark no documentary information seems to survive on the life of moulds in the seventeenth century, but in the eighteenth century, when techniques were similar, the english papermaker james whatman stated that his moulds lasted about seven months 3 examples of 'identical' paper, a description we.
As early as 1760, the first watermark in wove paper was produced this was a time when wove paper was not widely available to artists thomas gainsborough was anxious to use it for his watercolours and whatman paper was also used by jmw turner who famously sketched and painted the old ivy bridge in devon back. These engravings are the largest of the valuable audubon prints and measure 395″ x 265″ 435 images comprise the havell edition and approximately 175 folios were created they are on j whatman paper and bears one of two watermarks that can be difficult to see audubon-watermark amsterdam- watermark. It is not gracious to say so (so i'll say it), but few, if any, scholars, even experienced bibliographers, can be trusted to observe paper in general and watermarks in examples are miliani in fabriano, magnani in pescia or villa basilica, and whatman in england at times the emphasis falls rather on the name of the mill, such. 1733: james whatman sets up a paper mill 1756: whatman is credited with inventing wove papermaking process 1765: whatman son, james ii, who took over after his father's death, invents paper whitening process using laundry blue 1790: william balston takes over mill operations after whatman has a stroke.